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Advanced Object-Oriented Programming Techniques in .NET

5 days
5 days

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Generics is a concept so ingrained into .NET that we can't do without it. In this module we'll explain the simple and more advanced things of Generics.

  • Using Generics
  • Creating Generics
  • Constraints
  • Understanding Covariance and Contravariance
  • LAB: Building a Generic Graph

Delegates and Events

Storing functions in variables is exactly what delegates allow us to do. This concept is used in a lot of locations, especially when using asynchronous programming. Events are based on delegates, so whenever something interesting happens in a UI (e.g., mouse click) and we want to react on it, we need delegates to handle it correctly.

  • Creating Delegates
  • Using Delegates
  • Multicast Delegates
  • Creating Events
  • Using Events in a UI
  • Understanding Closures and static lambda functions
  • LAB: Applying Top-down Actions on a Hierarchy

LINQ Fundamentals

LINQ allows to write queries that are very familiar to SQL queries. This makes certain operations like filtering and sorting data very easy. This concept is used in a lot of locations, whether it is to connect to SQL databases of reading data from Active Directory.

  • What is LINQ?
  • LINQ to Objects, SQL, Entity Framework and XML
  • LINQ's Enumerable Class
  • Query Syntax vs. Method Syntax
  • Deferred Query Evaluation with Yield Return
  • LINQ Operators
  • LINQ Internals
  • Extending LINQ with your own Operators
  • LAB: Exploring LINQ Features

Modern C# Language Features

The C# language itself has evolved dramatically over the last couple of years. If you have been struggling to keep up with all the details of these language features, this module is for you.

  • Nullable Reference Types
  • Value Tuples
  • Pattern Matching
  • Global and Implicit Usings
  • Required and Init-Only Properties
  • Records
  • File-Scoped Types and Namespaces
  • Using Raw String Literals
  • Required Members
  • Generic Attributes
  • Specifying the Return Type for Lambda Functions
  • LAB: Using ValueTuples with LINQ

Garbage Collection

When you create an object in .NET, the framework takes care of memory management for you. But what actually happens with objects when .NET decides to remove them from memory? That's what Garbage Collection is all about and we'll have a look at why it is important to understand it correctly.

  • The Lifecycle of a Class Instance
  • GC Class and Members
  • Forcing a Garbage Collection
  • Garbage Collection for Unmanaged Resources
  • The Dispose Pattern
  • Resurrection
  • Weak References

Reference Semantics with Value Types

Writing super-efficient code requires some special language features, and C# now has them. How to pass value types efficiently? How to avoid placing transient objects on the heap, and passing them on the stack instead? And how do you measure the performance gain (or loss)?

  • Understanding Reference Semantics
  • How Value Types allow you to write faster code
  • Passing value types by reference with new access modifiers
  • Understanding Span<T> and related classes
  • Measuring using BenchmarkDotNet
  • LAB: Boosting Performance by using Reference Semantics


How does your machine run multiple processes? How does one process do multiple things at the same time? In this module, we'll discuss the advantages and problems you will encounter when using concurrency.

  • What is Concurrency?
  • Understanding Processes and Threads
  • Different Kinds of Concurrency
  • Scheduling Threads

Multithreading in .NET

Everyone starts by learning the fundamentals. The Thread class is the most basic implementation for creating concurrency. It is important to have an understanding of this class so you can understand and appreciate the libraries that came afterwards.

  • The Thread Class
  • Exceptions and Threads
  • Understanding Thread Pooling
  • Debugging Multi-Threaded Code

Thread Synchronization

Using variables in a multi-threaded environment can be dangerous and confusing. In this module we'll explain what can go wrong and how to avoid it.

  • Race Conditions and Dead Locks
  • Avoiding Race Conditions
  • Synchronizing Threads: Locks, Monitors, Signals, ...
  • Synchronization Guidelines
  • Thread Safety in .NET
  • LAB: Horse Race


Using threads directly is quite complicated, instead we can make use of tasks to do our bidding. There are again advantages and disadvantages to using this library and we'll explore them in this module.

  • What are Tasks?
  • Waiting Asynchronously
  • Dealing with Exceptions
  • Task Cancellation

The Async and Await Syntax Explained

The async and await keywords are amongst the most commonly used language constructs in .NET. But surprisingly few people know how it actually works.

  • What is Asynchronous Programming?
  • Comparing async/await to other Asynchronous Constructs
  • Diving into the async and await Keywords
  • Understanding ValueTask and its advantages and uses
  • LAB: using Async and Await

Asynchronous Programming in .NET

Once you understand the async and await keywords, you can start worrying about all the other fluff like exception handling, cancellation and reporting progress of an async task. This is the subject of this module.

  • A History of Asynchronous Programming in .NET
  • Understanding SynchronizationContext
  • Cancellation, Progress and Exception Handling
  • ConfigureAwait
  • IAsyncEnumerable
  • Async Guidelines
  • LAB: Async and Await in a Library

Parallel Computing

In a multi-core environment, being able to split data so every core is working on something is incredibly useful. This module explores a library created to do just that.

  • What is Parallel Programming?
  • Writing Parallel Loops
  • Concurrent Collections
  • Parallel LINQ
  • LAB: Parallel Calculations, Parallel API calls

Reactive Extensions

Reactive Extensions (Rx), a feature a bit complex to understand, but very powerful and hard to get back from. It is sometimes called LINQ to events, because we think of asynchronous operations or events as a stream of data. An observable collection that will, from time to time, have a new interesting event pop up that we can react to.

  • Push vs. Pull
  • Understanding IObservable<T> and IObserver<T>
  • Hot and Cold Observables
  • IAsyncEnumerable versus Rx
  • What are Subjects?
  • Using LINQ with Rx
  • Combining Observables
  • What about timing?
  • LAB: Search Suggestions

Attributes and Reflection

In this module we'll talk about using attributes to add metadata to almost everything in .NET. Metadata is of course only useful if we can actually interpret it and that's where reflection comes into play. Reflection is a powerful feature used in a lot of libraries and applications.

  • What are Attributes?
  • Applying Attributes
  • Common Predefined Attributes
  • Building Custom Attributes
  • What is Reflection?
  • Retrieving Attribute Values
  • LAB: Task Scheduler

Expressions and Static Reflection

Making use of Expressions to dynamically create code that can be run when we want to, is very powerful. It is a feature used by LINQ for example to translate queries for a database or other system.

  • What are Expressions?
  • How does LINQ to Database work?
  • Using Static Reflection
  • Dynamically Generating Code with Expressions

Today's applications have to be more responsive, scalable and high performing. Therefore, modern .NET developers have to be familiar with the more advanced features of .NET and know how things work under the hood. This course examines advanced concepts of the framework like async programming, parallel computing and Reactive Extensions. You'll explore the latest C# language features like Nullable Reference Types and Asynchronous Streams. Join the training and improve your existing .NET programming skills. All examples and labs use the latest LTS version of .NET and Visual Studio. Labs also work with any recent .NET and VS version.

This in-depth course is meant for experienced developers who have a solid understanding of the .NET platform.

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